Everything You Need to Know About Laser Eye Surgery

Laser eye surgery is the process of altering the shape of the cornea with the aid of a laser. The procedure is also known as LASIK. 

If you are considering having this procedure done on your eyes, it is essential to have all the information at your fingertips. Here are some of the things you need to know.


Laser eye surgery is a process that can dramatically change your vision. It is an elective surgery that can help many people improve their vision. However, it is essential to understand the risks and complications of the procedure before going through with it.

Before undergoing laser eye surgery, choosing a center that is experienced and has the latest technology is essential. The center should also have knowledgeable staff. An excellent surgical center should be in a reputable community and have a reputation for patient safety.

You will be given numbing eye drops when you arrive for laser eye surgery. After administering the anesthetic, you will be laid on a table. Next, you will be placed under a microscope to see the area around your eye.

During the procedure, your eyes will be covered with sterile plastic drapes. The surgeon will talk to you and ask you questions. In addition, you will have a shield put in place to prevent accidental contact with your eyes.

The surgeon will then use a microkeratome to make a flap on the cornea. The flap will then be folded back. Next, the underlying corneal tissue will be exposed and cleaned. This is done using sterile saline.

Your eye will then be immobilized with a ring. If your surgeon uses a suction device, it may irritate your eye and cause your vision to blur.

During the first day after LASIK, you should wear protective glasses. It would help if you also rest your eyes.

You may require antibiotics or steroid drops after the procedure, depending on your medical condition. Your doctor will let you know when you can return to your regular routine.

SMILE treatment

SMILE (Small Incision Lenticule Extraction) is a new form of laser eye surgery that is now available to patients who are not candidates for LASIK or PRK. SMILE has several benefits over other refractive eye surgeries. However, it also has its limitations.

One of the main advantages of SMILE is that the recovery time is relatively short. Typically, a patient can return to normal activities the day after the procedure. Some patients even drive themselves home.

The incision used during SMILE is generally small and does not disturb the corneal nerves. This makes it an excellent option for people with active lifestyles. It is also recommended for people with dry eyes.

Another benefit of SMILE is that patients can expect improved vision immediately after the surgery. Many patients report that their vision improves by 80% within the first few hours after the procedure. 

Nevertheless, this can't be said for all patients.

Besides immediate vision improvement, SMILE may also help reduce the need for glasses. But, as with other forms of refractive surgery, there are risks involved. These include the possibility of under-correction and overcorrection.

People with pre-existing eye problems such as cataracts, glaucoma, or corneal disease should consult an ophthalmologist before undergoing SMILE. They will also have a complete eye examination to ensure they are a good candidate.

SMILE surgery costs are similar to that of LASIK, though it has dropped in recent years. Patients who undergo SMILE will typically spend around $2750 on the procedure.

While SMILE has been around for a few years, it isn't as popular as LASIK. However, although it's less widely accepted, it has proven to be safe and effective.

Wavefront technology

Wavefront technology in laser eye surgery is a technological advancement that has helped many people with different vision problems. This technology has been used to correct optical imperfections in telescopes and the human eye and applied to laser devices.

Before the advent of wavefront technology, there were no effective ways to measure the various distortions the human eye can generate. Using wavefront to measure these distortions has allowed doctors to correct lower and higher-order aberrations.

The FDA approved Wavefront(TM) technology for ophthalmology in August 2002. It is currently approved for eyes with up to -3 diopters of astigmatism.

A three-dimensional image of the eye is created with wavefront technology. Doctors then use the data to design a highly customized LASIK treatment. They can also use wavefront to treat common refractive errors, such as nearsightedness, astigmatism, and myopia.

Unlike standard LASIK, wavefront LASIK is a more accurate method of laser vision correction. As a result, it has a lower rate of dry eye, glare, and other side effects. Additionally, the rate of night vision is lower. Because the procedure focuses on a smaller area, it also reduces the likelihood of experiencing halos around lights.

In addition to providing more accurate and personalized vision results, wavefront LASIK is less expensive than traditional LASIK. This means that it is more affordable for those who live in cities with a high cost of living. However, if you live in a smaller town, you may have to pay more for the procedure.

The first wavefront-guided custom LASIK application was approved by the FDA in 2002. Now, wavefront-guided LASIK procedures can measure corrections to 0.01 Diopters. 

Moreover, it can create a topological map of the individual cornea, which allows a laser to target and correct errors on a specific cornea.

Preparation for the surgery

Laser eye surgery can provide you with a clear vision for years to come. However, preparation is a must for a successful outcome. By following the suggestions of your ophthalmologist, you can ensure that your eyes are in top condition for the procedure.

First, you should make a list of your current prescriptions. This will help you avoid any mishaps during the procedure. It is also important to remember to bring a diary for aftercare appointments.

You should also avoid drinking alcohol for at least 24 hours before the surgery. Alcohol can dehydrate your eyes, which is the last thing you want after a laser eye procedure.

You should also avoid wearing makeup on the day of your procedure. Makeup can leave debris on your eyelashes, which could increase your risk of infection.

Also, avoid wearing contact lenses for at least two weeks before the procedure. Contact lenses can change the shape of your cornea, reducing your laser vision accuracy.

Before your appointment, you should also thoroughly wash your face. You should also remove any makeup or lotions from your eyelids. Wear comfortable clothing that is loose-fitting.

Some people may prefer to take a day off work after the procedure. But you can return to regular activity in a couple of days.

Taking a break from high-intensity activities is also a good idea. Getting a good night's sleep is also vital. An eye patch can prevent you from scratching your eye while sleeping.

Besides taking the proper precautions before, during, and after your procedure, you should also pay close attention to the signs that indicate your eyes are healing well. For example, if you notice any sensitivity to light, you should see your ophthalmologist immediately.


Laser eye surgery is a quick and effective way to improve your vision. However, aftercare is essential to ensure that your eyes are in good health. After the procedure, your surgeon will give you specific instructions on aftercare. This includes following the doctor's prescription for eye drops and other medications.

The eye is a sensitive organ and can be prone to infections and damage if not correctly cared for. Contact your eye doctor immediately if you experience severe pain, discomfort, or other complications.

After surgery, it is best to take two days off from work. You should also avoid all screens and harsh light. Also, wear eye shields when sleeping and resting.

Your doctor may prescribe eye drops, which will help keep your eyes moist. Eye drops will also help prevent infection. During the first few days, your vision may be blurry.

Some patients may also experience a sensitivity to light. For example, it is not uncommon for the whites of your eyes to look bloodshot. Similarly, you may notice haloes around lights. Typically, these symptoms will diminish within a few days.

Your vision should return to normal within a week. However, during the first couple of months after surgery, you may experience temporary side effects such as starbursts and halos. Those symptoms should subside, but they may persist for up to three to six months.

If you are experiencing any of these problems, you should consult your eye doctor or the clinic where you had the procedure. They will be able to advise you on the proper aftercare for laser eye surgery.

Ensure that you follow all of the aftercare for laser eye surgery instructions that your doctor gives you. By doing so, you will be able to maximize your recovery.

Laser eye surgery is a type of vision correction surgery that uses a laser to reshape the cornea and correct refractive defects such as myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. It is a safe and effective procedure that can help people achieve better vision without the need for glasses or contact lenses. 

Types of Laser Eye Surgery

The most common type of laser eye surgery is LASIK (Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis). This procedure uses a laser to reshape the cornea and correct refractive defects.

Other types of laser eye surgery include PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy), IntraLASIK, and WaveScan technology. Each type of laser eye surgery has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it is important to discuss your options with your eye care specialist before deciding which one is right for you.

Risks and Benefits of Laser Eye Surgery

Laser eye surgery is generally considered safe and effective, but there are some risks associated with it. These include infection, dry eyes, halos, night vision problems, and visual disturbances. It is also important to note that laser eye surgery is an elective procedure, so it is important to weigh the risks and benefits before deciding if it is right for you.

The benefits of laser eye surgery include improved vision without the need for glasses or contact lenses, improved self-confidence, and improved quality of life.

Tips for a Successful Recovery

After having laser eye surgery, it is important to follow your doctor's instructions for a successful recovery. This includes avoiding swimming, kayaking, snorkeling, heavy lifting, contact sports, and other activities that could put strain on your eyes. It is also important to wear sunglasses when outdoors to protect your eyes from the sun's UV rays. Additionally, you should use lubricating eye drops or ointments as prescribed by your doctor to help reduce dryness and discomfort.

Finally, it is important to attend all follow-up visits with your doctor to ensure that your vision correction is successful.


Laser eye surgery can be a safe and effective way to improve vision without the need for glasses or contact lenses. However, it is important to discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor before deciding if it is right for you. Additionally, it is important to follow your doctor's instructions for a successful recovery. If you have any questions or concerns about laser eye surgery, be sure to speak with your doctor or an experienced vision correction surgeon at Southwestern Eye Center.

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