Can People with High Blood Pressure Safely Undergo Laser Eye Surgery?

When it comes to having surgery, people with high blood pressure may have to consider certain factors that make them an unsuitable candidate. However, having high blood pressure in and of itself isn't a contraindication to laser eye surgery. LASIK eye surgery is a common laser procedure for correcting vision problems, and it eliminates or reduces the need to wear eyeglasses or contact lenses. It can be an effective and quick way to correct certain vision problems, but not everyone can have this procedure.

People who want to undergo LASIK surgery should be aware of the criteria that make them a suitable candidate for this type of surgery. The Moosa of Excel Laser Vision Institute, one of Southern California's leading laser eye experts, has performed tens of thousands of LASIK eye surgeries. Evaluating changes in blood pressure (BP) during cataract surgery assisted by phacoemulsification (PC) and femtosecond laser (FSL) is important for people with high blood pressure who are considering laser eye surgery. Compared to surgery and contact lenses, reading glasses or prescription glasses are much less likely to irritate the eye or cause side effects.

Anxiety is a major factor associated with a certain degree of preoperative and intraoperative blood pressure elevation in daytime surgery patients who undergo cataract surgery. In total, 79 eyes of 63 patients underwent traditional phacoemulsification surgery (PC group) and the other 127 eyes of 71 patients underwent cataract surgery assisted by the FSL (FS group). In one patient, the right eye was treated with traditional phacoemulsification surgery and the left eye with FSL-assisted cataract surgery. Long-term studies to compare complication rates and visual outcomes between laser surgery and conventional cataract surgery are warranted.

The same research also found that LASIK eye surgery significantly reduced the rate of common side effects in people who wear contact lenses, such as eye infections, ulcers and abrasions. Bleeding in or around the eye can cause blindness, especially in cataract surgery with large incisions. Therefore, it is important for people with high blood pressure to consult their doctor before considering laser eye surgery. It is essential for individuals with hypertension to discuss their medical history with their doctor before undergoing any type of laser eye procedure.

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